Do adult men with untreated hypospadias have adverse outcomes? A pilot study using a social media advertised survey

Bruce Schlomer, Benjamin Breyer, Hillary Copp, Laurence Baskin, Michael Disandro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Objective Hypospadias is usually treated in childhood. Therefore, the natural history of untreated mild hypospadias is unknown. We hypothesized that men with untreated hypospadias, especially mild, do not have adverse outcomes.

Materials Facebook was used to advertise an electronic survey to men older than 18 years. Men with untreated hypospadias identified themselves and indicated the severity of hypospadias with a series of questions. Outcomes included: Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM), penile curvature and difficulty with intercourse, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Penile Perception Score (PPS), psychosexual milestones, paternity, infertility, sitting to urinate, and the CDC HRQOL-4 module.

Results 736 men completed self-anatomy questions and 52 (7.1%) self-identified with untreated hypospadias. Untreated hypospadias participants reported worse SHIM (p < 0.001) and IPSS scores (p = 0.05), more ventral penile curvature (p = 0.003) and resulting difficulty with intercourse (p < 0.001), worse satisfaction with meatus (p = 0.011) and penile curvature (p = 0.048), and more sitting to urinate (p = 0.07). When stratified by mild and severe hypospadias, severe hypospadias was associated with more adverse outcomes than mild hypospadias.

Conclusion Men with untreated hypospadias reported worse outcomes compared with non-hypospadiac men. Mild untreated hypospadias had fewer adverse outcomes than severe hypospadias. Research is needed to determine if treatment of childhood hypospadias improves outcomes in adults, especially for mild hypospadias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)672-679
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Urology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014


  • Chordee
  • Hypospadias
  • Penile curvature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Urology


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