Disintegration/dissolution profiles of copies of Fosamax (alendronate)

Solomon Epstein, B. Cryer, S. Ragi, J. R. Zanchetta, J. Walliser, J. Chow, M. A. Johnson, A. E. Leyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Objective: Poor quality has been reported for some generics and other copies of original products. We performed a pilot study to compare the disintegration/dissolution profiles of FOSAMAX (alendronate) 70 mg tablets with those of copies of FOSAMAX that were manufactured outside the United States. Research design and methods: We used the standard United States Pharmacopeia (USP) disintegration method to evaluate FOSAMAX 70 mg tablets and 13 copies. At least 12 (n = 12) dosage units were tested for each product (except Fosmin, n = 10). The dissolution profiles of FOSAMAX and one representative copy were also compared. Results: Nine copies (Osteomax, Defixal, Fosmin, Endronax, Osteomix, Genalmen, Fixopan, Osteoplus, and Fosval) disintegrated two- to ten-fold faster than FOSAMAX. Three other copies (Neobon, Regenesis, and Ostenan) disintegrated at least five-fold slower than FOSAMAX. Neobon is a softgel capsule, so special consideration was given to this different dosage form. One copy (Arendal) did not fall into either category but exhibited potentially large inter- and intra-lot variability. Dissolution of alendronate from Regenesis lagged behind that from FOSAMAX. Conclusion: Slower disintegration may reduce efficacy because bisphosphonates must be taken in the fasting state and contact with food or even certain beverages severely reduces bioavailability. Faster disintegration (or the use of gel-caps or other alterations to the drug formulation) could increase the risk of esophagitis, an adverse event associated with prolonged contact of the esophagus with bisphosphonates. These disintegration and dissolution results suggest that important differences may exist between FOSAMAX and its copies with regard to bioavailability, pharmacokinetics, and clinical efficacy and safety profiles. Additional testing is warranted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and clinical safety of these copies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)781-789
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2003


  • Alendronate
  • Disintegration
  • Dissolution
  • Efficacy
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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