Discontinuation and reduction of asthma medications after metabolic and bariatric surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Luyu Xie, Aparajita Chandrasekhar, Stacia M. DeSantis, Jaime P. Almandoz, Nestor de la Cruz-Muñoz, Sarah E. Messiah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Obesity is a risk factor for asthma. Metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) is a safe and effective treatment option for obesity. Weight reduction via MBS, in turn, may improve asthma outcomes and decrease the need for asthma medications. The aim of the systematic review and meta-analysis is to explore the available evidence focused on the impact of MBS on the improvement of asthma outcomes via the discontinuation and reduction of asthma medications. After a comprehensive search in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases, 15 studies, including pre–post MBS data on asthma medication use among adults, were eligible for the systematic review. Thirteen studies reported the proportion of patient who discontinued asthma medication post-MBS and was meta-analyzed using random effects. Results showed 54% patients completely discontinued asthma medications (95% confidence interval 42%–67%, I2 = 86.2%, p < 0.001). The average number of asthma medications was also decreased by approximately 22%–46%. MBS provides strong therapeutic benefits for patients with asthma, as evidenced by the complete discontinuation of asthma medications in over 50% of MBS completers. The inference was limited by the small number, variations in follow-up time and rates, and heterogeneity of studies. Studies that include more ethnically diverse participant samples are needed to improve generalizability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13527
JournalObesity Reviews
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • asthma
  • bariatric surgery
  • medication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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