Differential regulation of baboon SP-A1 and SP-A2 genes: Structural and functional analysis of 5′-flanking DNA

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Surfactant protein (SP) A gene transcription is developmentally regulated and stimulated by hormones and factors that increase intracellular cAMP. The baboon (b) genome contains two highly similar SP-A genes, bSP-Al and bSP-A2. With the use of a ribonuclease protection assay with gene-specific probes, the two bSP-A genes were found to be differentially regulated during baboon fetal lung development in that expression of the ÖSP-A2 gene appeared to be induced to a high level at a later time in gestation than that of the bSP-Al gene. Both the bSP-Al and bSP-A2 genes were found to be highly responsive to the inductive effects of cAMP in baboon fetal lung expiants in culture. By DNase I footprinting and electrophoretic mobility shift assays with bacterially expressed thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and type II cell nuclear extracts, three TTF-1 binding elements were identified within the 255-bp region flanking the 5'-end of each bSP-A gene; however, these differed in position and spacing for the two bSP-A genes. To functionally define the genomic regions that are required for cAMP regulation of bSP-A gene expression in type II cells, fusion genes composed of various amounts of 5′-flanking DNA from the bSP-Al and bSP-A2 genes linked to the human growth hormone structural gene as a reporter were transfected into type II cells in primary culture. We found that 255 bp of 5′-flanking DNA, which contain three TTF-1 binding elements, from bSP-Al and bSP-A2 genes were sufficient to mediate high basal and cAMP-inducible expression in type II cells. We also observed that there were no obvious differences in the magnitude of the responses of these fusion genes to cAMP treatment. surfactant protein A; deoxyribonucleic acid; fetal lung; thyroid transcription factor-1; ribonuclease protection assay

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L1078-L1088
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology
Issue number6 PART 1
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)


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