Differential induction of apoptosis by LPS and taxol in monocytic cells

Tao Li, Jean Hu, James A. Thomas, Liwu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Numerous microbial as well as other stimulants including lipopolysaccharide and taxol can activate TLR4, and elicit diverse downstream signaling events including cytokine gene expression and cell growth regulation. With a mechanism not completely understood, different TLR4 stimulants induce distinct cellular responses. Our present studies showed that taxol, not LPS, induced cell apoptosis in human monocytic THP-1 cells, as indicated by PARP cleavage, as well as bcl-2 phosphorylation. Pretreatment of cells with LPS abolished subsequent taxol effect, suggesting that certain signaling components involved in taxol-mediated apoptosis were disrupted by LPS pretreatment. Since the decrease in IRAK-1 level closely accompanies prolonged LPS treatment in monocytic cells, we investigated the IRAK-1 status upon various taxol and LPS challenges. We observed that only LPS, not taxol, caused dramatic decrease in IRAK-1 protein levels. Using splenic macrophages harvested from IRAK-1 knockout and control mice, we further demonstrated that the presence of IRAK-1 is required for taxol-induced PARP cleavage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1049-1055
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Immunology
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 2005


  • Apoptosis
  • IRAK-1
  • Innate immunity
  • Signaling
  • THP-1 cells
  • Taxol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology


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