Dielectrophoresis-assisted 3D nanoelectroporation for non-viral cell transfection in adoptive immunotherapy

Lingqian Chang, Daniel Gallego-Perez, Xi Zhao, Paul Bertani, Zhaogang Yang, Chi Ling Chiang, Veysi Malkoc, Junfeng Shi, Chandan K. Sen, Lynn Odonnell, Jianhua Yu, Wu Lu, L. James Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


Current transfection technologies lead to significant inter-clonal variations. Previously we introduced a unique electrotransfection technology, Nanochannel-Electroporation (NEP), which can precisely and benignly transfect small cell populations (~100-200 cells) with single-cell resolution. Here we report on the development of a novel 3D NEP system for large scale transfection. A properly-engineered array of nanochannels, capable of handling/transfecting ~60000 cells cm-2, was fabricated using cleanroom technologies. Positive dielectrophoresis was used to selectively position cells on the nanochannels, thus allowing highly efficient transfection. Single-cell dosage control was demonstrated using both small and large molecules, and different cell types. The potential clinical relevance of this system was tested with difficult-to-transfect natural killer cell suspensions, and plasmids encoding for the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR), a model of high relevance for adoptive immunotherapy. Our results show significantly higher CAR transfection efficiencies for the DEP-NEP system (>70% vs. <30%), as well as enhanced cell viabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3147-3153
Number of pages7
JournalLab on a Chip
Issue number15
StatePublished - Jun 17 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering


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