Depression Status Is Associated with Functional Decline Over 1-Year Following Acute Stroke

Nada El Husseini, Larry B. Goldstein, Eric D. Peterson, Xin Zhao, Dai Wai M. Olson, John W. Williams, Cheryl Bushnell, Daniel T. Laskowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background We investigated the independent association of depression status at 3 and 12 months after stroke and functional decline. Methods Data were obtained as part of the multicenter Adherence eValuation After Ischemic stroke Longitudinal (AVAIL) registry. Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (depression, PHQ-8 ≥ 10), and functional status was assessed with the modified Rankin score (mRS) at 3 and 12 months following hospitalization for ischemic stroke. We used logistic regression analyses to evaluate the independent association between the change in depression rating and the change in mRS. Results Among 1444 patients, 75% did not have depression at either time point, 9.2% had persistent depression, 8.7% had resolving depression, and 7% had incident depression at 12 months. After covariate adjustment, depression status at 3 and 12 months remained associated with worsening mRS (P =.01). Compared with patients without depression, those with resolving depression were less likely to have a worsening mRS (odds ratio [OR] =.49, 95% confidence interval [CI]:.29-0.83). There was no difference in functional decline between those with no depression and those with persistent depression; however, those with persistent depression had worse mRS at both time points (median mRS: 2.5 [Q1-Q3: 2-3] at 3 months; 2 [2-3] at 12 months) than those with no depression (mRS: 1 [0-2] at both 3 and 12 months), P <.0001. Conclusions Patients with resolving depression in the first year after stroke were less likely to have functional deterioration than those without depression. Greater functional impairment was present in the setting of depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1393-1399
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2017


  • Depression after stroke
  • functional decline
  • functional recovery
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Depression Status Is Associated with Functional Decline Over 1-Year Following Acute Stroke'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this