Cytoreductive Surgery of the Primary Tumor in Metastatic Adrenocortical Carcinoma: Impact on Patients' Survival

Victor Srougi, Irina Bancos, Marilyne Daher, Jeffrey E. Lee, Paul H. Graham, Jose A. Karam, Andres Henriquez, Travis J. McKenzie, Alaa Sada, Isabelle Bourdeau, Jonathan Poirier, Anand Vaidya, Tiffany Abbondanza, Colleen M. Kiernan, Sarika N. Rao, Oksana Hamidi, Nirupa Sachithanandan, Ana O. Hoff, Jose L. Chambo, Madson Q. AlmeidaMouhammed Amir Habra, Maria C.B.V. Fragoso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Context: The role of cytoreduction of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) remains poorly understood. Objective: To analyze the impact of cytoreductive surgery of the primary tumor in patients with metastatic ACC. Design and Setting: We performed a multicentric, retrospective paired cohort study comparing the overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic ACC who were treated either with cytoreductive surgery (CR group) or without cytoreductive surgery (no-CR group) of the primary tumor. Data were retrieved from 9 referral centers in the American-Australian-Asian Adrenal Alliance collaborative research group. Patients: Patients aged ≥18 years with metastatic ACC at initial presentation who were treated between January 1, 1995, and May 31, 2019. Intervention: Performance (or not) of cytoreductive surgery of the primary tumor. Main outcome and measures: A propensity score match was done using age and the number of organs with metastasis (≤2 or >2). The main outcome was OS, determined from the date of diagnosis until death or until last follow-up for living patients. Results: Of 339 patients pooled, 239 were paired and included: 128 in the CR group and 111 in the no-CR group. The mean follow-up was 67 months. Patients in the no-CR group had greater risk of death than did patients in the CR group (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.18; 95% CI, 2.34-4.32). Independent predictors of survival included age (HR = 1.02; 95% CI, 1.00-1.03), hormone excess (HR = 2.56; 95% CI, 1.66-3.92), and local metastasis therapy (HR = 0.41; 95% CI, 0.47-0.65). Conclusion: Cytoreductive surgery of the primary tumor in patients with metastatic ACC is associated with prolonged survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)964-971
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • adrenocortical carcinoma
  • cytoreduction surgical procedures
  • surgery
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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