A chloramphenicol-resistant, aminopterin-sensitive cell line (AMT) derived from a mouse mammary tumor MT-29240 was enucleated, and the cytoplasts were fused with nucleated chloramphenicol-sensitive, HAT-resistant SV40 3T3 mouse cells. The resulting cytoplasmic hybrids (cybrids) were selected for their resistance to chloramphenicol and the chromosome complement of the SV40 3T3 cells. In addition to transfer of chloramphenicol resistance, these cybrid clones, as studied in the electron microscope, contained the intracisternal A particle phenotype characteristic of only the AMT cells. The cytoplasmic microtubule complex (CMTC) in these cybrids was also studied and appears to resemble the elaborate CMTC of the AMT cells more closely than the more reduced CMTC of the SV40 3T3. When treated with a colcemid block and then a brief reverse, the microtubule organizing centers (MTOC) appear as bright fluorescent foci when tubulin antibody and indirect immunofluorescence techniques are used. When AMT or SV40 3T3 cells are treated in this manner, only one MTOC is present in interphase cells. One clone of these cybrids, however, contained two MTOCs in interphase cells. This CMTC and MTOC phenotype has persisted in this cybrid clone for over 3 months of continuous culture.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)