We here report the isolation and nucleotide sequencing of a full-length 3.3-kilobase cDNA for the cytoplasmic form of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) synthase, a regulated enzyme in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. The cDNA was isolated from UT-1 cells, a compactin-resistant line of Chinese hamster ovary cells. UT-1 cells produce large amounts of mRNA for HMG-CoA synthase and the next enzyme in the pathway, HMG-CoA reductase, as a result of growth in the presence of compactin, a competitive inhibitor of reductase. The identity of the cDNA for HMG-CoA synthase was confirmed through comparison of the NH2-terminal amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA with that determined chemically from the purified enzyme. Anti-peptide antibodies directed against the amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA precipitated HMG-CoA synthase activity from liver cytoplasm. The feeding of cholesterol to hamsters led to a decrease of more than 85% in the amount of mRNA for HMG-CoA synthase and HMG-CoA reductase in hamster liver. These data indicate that the mRNAs for cytoplasmic HMG-CoA synthase and for HMG-CoA reductase, two sequential enzymes in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway, are coordinately regulated by cholesterol.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology