Cytochrome P4502C9-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids induce the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in endothelial cells

U. Ruth Michaelis, J R Falck, Ronald Schmidt, Rudi Busse, Ingrid Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Objective - Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). CYP2C9-derived EETs elicit endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis, but the signaling pathways involved are incompletely understood. Because cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is involved in angiogenesis, we determined whether a link exists between CYP2C9 and COX-2 expression. Methods and Results - Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were infected with CYP2C9 sense or antisense adenoviral constructs. Overexpression of CYP2C9 increased COX-2 promoter activity, an effect accompanied by a significant increase in COX-2 protein expression and elevated prostacyclin production. The CYP2C9-induced expression of COX-2 was inhibited by the CYP2C9 inhibitor, sulfaphenazole, whereas 11,12-EET increased COX-2 expression. Overexpression of CYP2C9 and stimulation with 11,12-EET increased intracellular cAMP levels and stimulated DNA-binding of the cAMP-response element-binding protein. The protein kinase A inhibitor, KT5720, attenuated the CYP2C9-induced increase in COX-2 promoter activity and protein expression. Overexpression of CYP2C9 stimulated endothelial tube formation, an effect that was attenuated by the COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib. Identical responses were observed in cells preconditioned by cyclic strain to increase CYP2C expression. Conclusion - These data indicate that CYP2C9-derived EETs induce the expression of COX-2 in endothelial cells via a cAMP-dependent pathway and that this mechanism contributes to CYP2C9-induced angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-326
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2005


  • Angiogenesis
  • Cytochrome P450
  • Endothelium
  • Gene expression
  • Prostacyclin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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