Cytochrome P450 epoxygenases 2C8 and 2C9 are implicated in hypoxia-induced endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis

U. Ruth Michaelis, Beate Fisslthaler, Eduardo Barbosa-Sicard, John R. Falck, Ingrid Fleming, Rudi Busse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


Recent studies suggest that cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenase-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) elicit cell proliferation and promote angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine the role of CYP 2C8/9-derived EETs in the process of angiogenesis under hypoxic conditions. In human endothelial cells, hypoxia enhanced the activity of the CYP 2C9 promoter, increased the expression of CYP 2C mRNA and protein and augmented 11,12-EET production. In Transwell assays, the migration of endothelial cells pre-exposed to hypoxia to increase CYP expression was abolished by CYP 2C antisense oligonucleotides as well as by the CYP inhibitor MS-PPOH and the EET antagonist 14,15-epoxyeicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid (EEZE). Similar findings were obtained in porcine coronary artery endothelial cells. CYP 2C9 overexpression in endothelial cells increased the association of PAK-1 with Rac, a response also elicited by the CYP 2C9 product 11,12-EET. Matrix metalloprotease (MMP) activity was increased in CYP-2C9-overexpressing cells and correlated with increased invasion through Matrigel-coated Transwell chambers: an effect sensitive to the CYP 2C9 inhibitor sulfaphenazole as well as to EEZE and the MMP inhibitor GM6001. In in vitro angiogenesis models, the EET antagonist inhibited tube formation induced by CYP 2C9 overexpression as well as that in endothelial cells exposed to hypoxia to increase CYP 2C expression. Furthermore, in the chick chorioallantoic membrane assay, EEZE abolished hypoxia-induced angiogenesis. Taken together, these data indicate that CYP 2C-derived EETs significantly affect the sequence of angiogenic events under hypoxic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5489-5498
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of cell science
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005


  • 14,15-Epoxyeicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid
  • Angiogenesis
  • Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid
  • Hypoxia
  • Matrix degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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