Congenital anomalies of the IVC-embryological perspectives and clinical relevance

Abed Ghandour, Sasan Partovi, Karunakaravel Karuppasamy, Prabhakar Rajiah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


With the increased use of cross-sectional imaging, systemic venous anomalies are more frequently being recognized in asymptomatic patients. Accurate characterization of systemic venous anomalies plays a major role in the appropriate selection of a surgical approach or interventional procedure. In this article, we review common and uncommon inferior vena cava (IVC) anomalies. We describe the embryological basis and clinical implications of these anomalies, particularly from an interventional radiology perspective. We also discuss the complications and treatments of these anomalies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-492
Number of pages10
JournalCardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2016


  • Anomalies
  • Embryology
  • Inferior vena cava (IVC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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