The frontiers of laparoscopic surgery have extended from gynecologic procedures to general surgical techniques. As new applications for laparoscopy emerge, anesthesiologists must be familiar with the possible complications associated with the various laparoscopic procedures. Only by an appreciation of the potential complications of a procedure can their overall incidence be minimized. A systematic approach must consider all potential complications during laparoscopy. In addition to routine evaluation (i.e., depth of anesthesia and volume status), anesthesiologists must confirm that intra-abdominal pressure is less than 15 mm Hg, and that inadvertent endobronchial intubation, pneumothorax, and gas embolism have not occurred. In the case of precipitous changes in vital signs not responding to routine management, it is imperative to release the pneumoperitoneum and place the patient in the supine (or Trendelenburg) position. After cardiopulmonary stabilization, cautious slow reinsufflation then can be attempted. With persistent signs of significant cardiopulmonary impairment, however, it is sometimes necessary to convert to an open procedure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine