Comparison of testosterone, alendronate, and a combination of both therapies in men with low bone mineral density

Brian J. Welch, Margo A. Denke, Asra Kermani, Beverley Adams-Huet, Nina M. Gazmen, Ugis Gruntmanis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Both bisphosphonates and testosterone are known to improve bone mineral density (BMD) in men with low bone mass, but whether combination therapy is superior to these agents used alone is not clear. We compared the changes in lumbar spine BMD when men with low bone mass were treated with each agent alone or as combination therapy. Methods: In a retrospective study, we analyzed serum and BMD data from 149 men who had been evaluated in the Endocrinology Clinic at the Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Dallas, Texas. The subjects were divided into three cohorts: 59 men receiving testosterone therapy alone, 68 men receiving alendronate therapy alone, and 22 receiving combination therapy. Results: Compared with the baseline values, the lumbar spine and BMD increased significantly in each of the testosterone, alendronate, and combination therapy cohorts (median annualized rate of change: 2.1% [p < .001], 2.6% [p < .001], and 2.5% [p = .04], respectively). The combination therapy group did not demonstrate any additional increase in BMD at the lumbar spine or total hip compared with either agent alone. The results did not change after adjusting for differences in baseline weight, age, BMD, or baseline testosterone level. Conclusion: The results suggest that the combination of testosterone and alendronate does not appear to be superior to single-drug therapy in our patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-173
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Investigative Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2007


  • Alendronate
  • Bone density
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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