Comparison of in vivo and in vitro binding of polycyclic hydrocarbons to DNA

Alan Eastman, John Sweetenham, Edward Bresnick

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56 Scopus citations


The in vivo binding of [3H]benzo(a)pyrene (BP) and 3-[3H]methylcholanthrene (3MC) to liver and lung DNA was studied in A/J mice. Only in liver was there any reduction in total DNA-bound radioactivity between 4 h and 24 h after administration of the hydrocarbon. DNA was fractionated on Sephadex LH-20 after enzymatic digestion. A single deoxyribonucleoside-BP adduct was detected whereas two major 3MC-adducts were observed. With both BP and 3MC, three additional peaks of radioactivity eluted rapidly in the lung DNA experiments while a fourth was noted with liver DNA. The nucleoside-bound adducts from lung represented a much larger proportion of the total radioactivity than with liver. In vitro analysis of 3MC binding to DNA showed the nucleoside-bound adducts to be predominantly deoxyguanosine-dependent but that the early peaks were independent of base suggesting binding to another part of the DNA molecule, perhaps phosphate, i.e., phosphotriesters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-353
Number of pages9
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1978
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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