Cognition in patients with burn injury in the inpatient rehabilitation population

Maulik Purohit, Richard Goldstein, Deborah Nadler, Katie Mathews, Chloe Slocum, Paul Gerrard, Margaret A. Divita, Colleen M. Ryan, Ross Zafonte, Karen Kowalske, Jeffrey C. Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Objective To analyze potential cognitive impairment in patients with burn injury in the inpatient rehabilitation population. Design Rehabilitation patients with burn injury were compared with the following impairment groups: spinal cord injury, amputation, polytrauma and multiple fractures, and hip replacement. Differences between the groups were calculated for each cognitive subscale item and total cognitive FIM. Patients with burn injury were compared with the other groups using a bivariate linear regression model. A multivariable linear regression model was used to determine whether differences in cognition existed after adjusting for covariates (eg, sociodemographic factors, facility factors, medical complications) based on previous studies. Setting Inpatient rehabilitation facilities. Participants Data from Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation from 2002 to 2011 for adults with burn injury (N=5347) were compared with other rehabilitation populations (N=668,816). Interventions Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures Comparison of total cognitive FIM scores and subscales (memory, verbal comprehension, verbal expression, social interaction, problem solving) for patients with burn injury versus other rehabilitation populations. Results Adults with burn injuries had an average total cognitive FIM score ± SD of 26.8±7.0 compared with an average FIM score ± SD of 28.7±6.0 for the other groups combined (P<.001). The subscale with the greatest difference between those with burn injury and the other groups was memory (5.1±1.7 compared with 5.6±1.5, P<.001). These differences persisted after adjustment for covariates. Conclusions Adults with burn injury have worse cognitive FIM scores than other rehabilitation populations. Future research is needed to determine the impact of this comorbidity on patient outcomes and potential interventions for these deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1342-1349
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Burns
  • Cognition
  • Outcome measures
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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