Chronic rejection of renal transplants: New clinical insights

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36 Scopus citations


Chronic rejection is the most important cause for returning to dialysis after failure of a renal transplant. The term chronic allograft nephropathy refers to the progressive decline of renal function seen in some renal transplant recipients in association with alloantigen-dependent and alloantigen-independent factors. This review examines the role of factors related to allorecognition, injury, nephron dosing, and donor and recipient characteristics in the development of chronic allograft nephropathy. The clinical associations to chronic allograft nephropathy are presented in the context of pathogenetic mechanisms of renal damage and disease progression. As there is no therapy available at this time for established chronic allograft nephropathy, possible areas of intervention for the prevention of chronic rejection are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-58
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2000


  • Allograft failure
  • Chronic allograft nephropathy
  • Chronic rejection
  • Graft survival
  • Renal transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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