Characterization of continuous and pulsed emission modes of a hybrid micro focus x-ray source for medical imaging applications

Muhammad U. Ghani, Molly D. Wong, Liqiang Ren, Di Wu, Bin Zheng, John X. Rong, Xizeng Wu, Hong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to quantitatively characterize a micro focus x-ray tube that can operate in both continuous and pulsed emission modes. The micro focus x-ray source (Model L9181-06, Hamamatsu Photonics, Japan) has a varying focal spot size ranging from 16 µm to 50 µm as the source output power changes from 10 to 39 W. We measured the source output, beam quality, focal spot sizes, kV accuracy, spectra shapes and spatial resolution. Source output was measured using an ionization chamber for various tube voltages (kVs) with varying current (µA) and distances. The beam quality was measured in terms of half value layer (HVL), kV accuracy was measured with a non-invasive kV meter, and the spectra was measured using a compact integrated spectrometer system. The focal spot sizes were measured using a slit method with a CCD detector with a pixel pitch of 22 µm. The spatial resolution was quantitatively measured using the slit method with a CMOS flat panel detector with a 50 µm pixel pitch, and compared to the qualitative results obtained by imaging a contrast bar pattern. The focal spot sizes in the vertical direction were smaller than that of the horizontal direction, the impact of which was visible when comparing the spatial resolution values. Our analyses revealed that both emission modes yield comparable imaging performances in terms of beam quality, spectra shape and spatial resolution effects. There were no significantly large differences, thus providing the motivation for future studies to design and develop stable and robust cone beam imaging systems for various diagnostic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
StatePublished - May 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Beam quality
  • Continuous beam
  • Pulsed beam emission
  • Spatial resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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