Casein kinase I regulates membrane binding by ARF GAP1

Sidney Yu, Michael G. Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


ARF GAP1, a 415-amino acid GTPase activating protein (GAP) for ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) contains an amino-terminal 115-amino acid catalytic domain and no other recognizable features. Amino acids 203-334 of ARF GAP1 were sufficient to target a GFP-fusion protein to Golgi membranes in vivo. When overexpressed in COS-1 cells, this protein domain inhibited protein transport between the ER and Golgi and, in vitro, competed with the full-length ARF GAP1 for binding to membranes. Membrane binding by ARF GAP1 in vitro was increased by a factor in cytosol and this increase was inhibited by IC261, an inhibitor selective for casein kinase Iδ (CKIδ), or when cytosol was treated with antibody to CKIδ. The noncatalytic domain of ARF GAP1 was phosphorylated both in vivo and in vitro by CKI. IC261 blocked membrane binding by ARF GAP1 in vivo and inhibited protein transport in the early secretory pathway. Overexpression of a catalytically inactive CKIδ also inhibited the binding of ARF GAP1 to membranes and interfered with protein transport. Thus, a CKI isoform is required for protein traffic through the early secretory pathway and can modulate the amount of ARF GAP1 that can bind to membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2559-2570
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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