Cardiac arrhythmias and conduction abnormalities in patients with type 2 diabetes

Araz Rawshani, Darren K. McGuire, Elmir Omerovic, Naveed Sattar, John J.V. McMurray, Ulf Smith, Bjorn Redfors, Lennart Bergfeldt, Bjorn Eliasson, Jan Borén, Deepak L. Bhatt, Goran Bergstrom, Aidin Rawshani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The association between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and the development of cardiac arrhythmias and conduction disturbances has not been extensively studied. Arrhythmia was defined as atrial fibrillation and flutter (AF/AFl), ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF), and conduction abnormality as sinus node disease (SND), atrioventricular (AV) block or pacemaker implantation, and intraventricular conduction blocks (IVCB). Incidence rates and Cox regression were used to compare outcomes, and to assess optimal levels for cardiometabolic risk factors and risk associated with multifactorial risk factor control (i.e., HbA1c, LDL-C, systolic blood pressure (SBP), BMI and eGFR), between patients with versus without T2D. The analyses included data from 617,000 patients with T2D and 2,303,391 matched controls. Patients with diabetes and the general population demonstrated a gradual increase in rates for cardiac conduction abnormalities and virtually all age-groups for AF/AFI showed increased incidence during follow-up. For patients with versus without T2D, risks for cardiac arrhythmias were higher, including for AF/AFl (HR 1.17, 95% CI 1.16–1.18), the composite of SND, AV-block or pacemaker implantation (HR 1.40, 95% CI 1.37–1.43), IVCB (HR 1.23, 95% CI 1.18–1.28) and VT/VF (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04–1.13). For patients with T2D who had selected cardiometabolic risk factors within target ranges, compared with controls, risk of arrythmia and conduction abnormalities for T2D vs not were: AF/AFl (HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.05–1.14), the composite of SND, AV-block or pacemaker implantation (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.94–1.18), IVCB (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.60–0.98), and for VT/VF (HR 0.97, 95% CI 0.80–1.17). Cox models showed a linear risk increase for SBP and BMI, while eGFR showed a U-shaped association. Individuals with T2D had a higher risk of arrhythmias and conduction abnormalities than controls, but excess risk associated with T2D was virtually not evident among patients with T2D with all risk factors within target range. BMI, SBP and eGFR displayed significant associations with outcomes among patients with T2D.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1192
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Cardiac arrhythmias and conduction abnormalities in patients with type 2 diabetes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this