Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) is the principle protein component of HDL, also known as "good cholesterol," which is an inverse marker for cardiovascular disease. The N-terminal 44 amino acids of ApoA-I (N44) are predicted to be responsible for stabilization of soluble ApoA-I, whereas the C-terminal 46 amino acids (C46) are predicted to initiate lipid binding and oligomerization. In this work, we apply what we believe to be a novel application of drop tensiometry to study the adsorption and desorption of N44 and C46 at a triolein/POPC/water (TO/POPC/W) interface. The amount of peptide that adsorbed to the surface was dependent on the surface concentration of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) and pressure (Π) before adsorption. At a TO/POPC/W interface, the exclusion pressure (Π EX) of C46 was 25.8 mN/m, and was 19.3 mN/m for N44. Once adsorbed, both peptides formed a homogeneous surface with POPC but were progressively ejected from the surface by compression. During a compression, C46 removed POPC from the surface whereas N44 did not. Repeated compressions caused C46 to deplete entirely the surface of phospholipid. If full-length ApoA-I could also remove phospholipid, this could provide a mechanism for the transfer of surface components of chylomicrons and very low density lipoprotein to high density lipoprotein with the assistance of phospholipid transfer protein.
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