Breast Implant Illness: A Way Forward

Mark R. Magnusson, Rod D. Cooter, Hinne Rakhorst, Patricia A. McGuire, William P. Adams, Anand K. Deva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations


The link between breast implants and systemic disease has been reported since the 1960s. Although many studies have looked at either supporting or refuting its existence, the issue still persists and has now been labeled “breast implant illness.” The rise of patient advocacy and communication through social media has led to an increasing number of presentations to plastic surgeons. This article summarizes the history of breast implants and systemic disease, critically analyzes the literature (and any associated deficiencies), and suggests a way forward through systematic scientific study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74S-81S
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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