Breast development and disorders in the adolescent female

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Breast development in the female is a process that becomes noticeable during puberty, and defines a girl's transition into adulthood. Various conditions can disrupt or alter the normal development, which may lead to abnormal breast changes and features. Further, the finding of a breast mass in adolescence can be unsettling to the patient and her family. While the majority of these breast changes and/or masses tend to be benign and self-limited, the appropriate evaluation is always warranted. This chapter will focus on the normal and abnormal development of breasts. We will also discuss the evaluation and management of breast masses that can be found in the adolescent female.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-50
Number of pages11
JournalBest Practice and Research: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology
StatePublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Abnormal breast development
  • Breast asymmetry
  • Breast cysts
  • Breast hypertrophy
  • Breast mass
  • Thelarche

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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