Blood pressure responses to dynamic exercise with lower-body positive pressure

J. W. Williamson, C. G. Crandall, J. T. Potts, P. B. Raven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular responses were obtained during cycling with graded levels of lower-body positive pressure (LBPP) applied to the exercising limbs. Seven men performed four incremental work rate (25 W·min-1) exercise (IWREx) tests to their limit of tolerance while exposed to 0, 15, 30, or 45 Torr LBPP. They also performed four, 6-min constant work rate exercise (CWREx) bouts at two work rates with LBPP’s of 0 and 45 Torr. Cardiovascular data were obtained at rest and at 40%, 55%, 75%, and 90% of VO2peak, as well as at minute 5 of CWREx. LBPP did not alter VO2, HR, SV, or cardiac output (Qc) responses at rest or during exercise. However, both 30 and 45 Torr LBPP produced increases in MAP at rest and during exercise (P < 0.05). During CWREx, elevations in blood pressure were mediated via increases in TPR (P < 0.05). Only 45 Torr LBPP elicited a significantly greater blood pressure increase during exercise than rest, suggesting muscle blood flow restriction at this level of LBPP was sufficient to activate a muscle metabo-reflex. These findings suggest that the muscle metabo-reflex is not tonically active during dynamic exercise under normal conditions, but may instead require a critical reduction in muscle blood flow before it is activated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-708
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1994


  • Humans
  • Muscle mechano-reflexes
  • Muscle metabo-reflexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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