Biomimetic Total Synthesis and Investigation of the Non-Enzymatic Chemistry of Oxazinin A

Victor Aniebok, Rahul D. Shingare, Hsiau Wei-Lee, Timothy C. Johnstone, John B. MacMillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We report the first total synthesis of an antimycobacterial natural product oxazinin A that takes advantage of a multi-component cascade reaction of anthranilic acid and a precursor polyketide containing an aldehyde. The route utilized for the synthesis of the pseudodimeric oxazinin A validates a previously proposed biosynthetic mechanism, invoking a non-enzymatic pathway to the complex molecule. We found a 76 : 10 : 9 : 5 ratio of oxazinin diastereomers from the synthetic cascade, which is an identical match to that found in the fermentation media from the fungus Eurotiomycetes 110162. Further investigation of the non-enzymatic formation of oxazinin A using 1H-15N HMBC NMR spectroscopy allowed for a plausible determination of the stepwise mechanism. The developed route is highly amenable for the synthesis of diverse sets of analogs around the oxazinin scaffold to study structure–activity relationships (SAR).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere202208029
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 19 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • 1,3 Diene Isomerization
  • Biomimetic
  • H-N HMBC NMR Spectroscopy
  • Non-Enzymatic
  • Total Synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)


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