Immunohistochemical staining for beta-amyloid precursor protein (βAPP) has been validated as a marker for axonal injury in adults surviving ≥2 hours after white matter damage. The significance of βAPP staining in pediatric brains and spinal cords is not as well established. We evaluated the white matter immunoreactivity for βAPP from a variety of pediatric medicolegal autopsies: natural disease (non-Sudden Infant Death Syndrome [SIDS]), SIDS, motor vehicle accidents, drowning, near-drowning, overlay, carbon monoxide toxicity, miscellaneous trauma, and mechanical asphyxia. The cases of carbon monoxide toxicity, motor vehicle accidents (death at scene), drowning (with resuscitation), and a natural (non-SIDS) death had no significant white matter staining. The traumatic deaths with a significant survival interval, a variety of natural deaths, the near-drowning case. and surprisingly, all SIDS had detectable βAPP white matter immunostaining. These results demonstrate that features other than traumatic axonal injury, such as metabolic insults and hypoxic-ischemic injury secondary to vascular compromise, must contribute to βAPP immunostaining. In addition, we describe a variety of βAPP-immunoreactive structures not previously reported in the pediatric population. This study illustrates that βAPP immunostaining enhances detection of a variety of white matter changes, and provides a basis for interpretation of these results.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2003|
- Beta amyloid precursor protein
- Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas