Association of robotic approach with patient-reported outcomes after pancreatectomy: a prospective cohort study

Jason B. Liu, Vernissia Tam, Mazen S. Zenati, Danielle Schwartz, Areej Ali, Carissa A. Low, Lillian J. Smith, Herbert J. Zeh, Amer H. Zureikat, Melissa E. Hogg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Robotic-assisted pancreatectomy continues to proliferate despite limited evidence supporting its benefits from the patient's perspective. We compared patient-reported outcomes (PROs) between patients undergoing robotic and open pancreatectomies. Methods: PROs, measured with the FACT-Hep, FACT-G, and HCS, were assessed in the immediate postoperative (i.e., preoperative to discharge) and recovery (i.e., discharge to three months postoperative) periods. Linear mixed models estimated the association of operative approach on PROs. Minimally important differences (MIDs) were also considered. Results: Among 139 patients, 105 (75.5%) underwent robotic pancreatectomies. Compared to those who underwent open operations, those who underwent robotic operations experienced worse FACT-Hep scores that were both statistically and clinically significant (mean difference [MD] 8.6 points, 95% CI 1.0–16.3). Declines in FACT-G (MD 4.3, 95% CI −1.0 to 9.6) and HCS (MD 4.3, 95% CI 0.8–7.9) scores appeared to contribute equally in both operative approaches to the decline in total FACT-Hep score. Patients who underwent robotic versus open operations both statistically and clinically significantly improved due to improvements in HCS (MD 6.1, 95% CI 2.3–9.9) but not in FACT-G (MD 1.2, 95% CI − 5.1-7.4). Conclusion: The robotic approach to pancreas surgery might offer, from the patient's perspective, greater improvement in symptoms over the open approach by three months postoperatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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