Association of aphthous ulcers with selfreported symptoms of depression in a sample of smartphone users

Jadon R. Webb, Blake F. Webb, Mary C. Schroeder, Carol S North

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Our goal is to examine the association of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) with symptoms of depression using a smartphonebased questionnaire survey. METHODS: An electronic survey was administered through a smartphone app asking respondents about current depressive symptoms using the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms (QIDS), and asking whether they had ever or recently experienced RAS. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine associations. RESULTS: A total of 478 individuals completed the survey, with 64% reporting a lifetime prevalence of RAS, and 21% experiencing an aphthous ulcer within the last month. RAS was significantly associated with increased sleep, decreased appetite, low energy, and feeling sluggish. RAS was not associated with overall depression severity as measured by total QIDS score, or with cardinal features of depression such as sadness, insomnia, impaired concentration, self-blame, thoughts of death, or anhedonia. Prevalence of RAS did not differ by age, sex, or smoking status, but was less likely in blacks and Asians compared with whites. CONCLUSIONS: RAS was a common phenomenon in this sample of mostly depressed individuals, and was associated with some neurovegetative symptoms of depression, but not depression severity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-270
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Clinical Psychiatry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • Aphthous ulcer
  • Depression
  • RAS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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