Assessing Videoconference Etiquette in Academia: Determining Positive and Negative Associations With Online Interactions

Madhuri B. Nagaraj, Neda Wick, Kareem R. AbdelFattah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: The lack of guidelines for videoconferencing etiquette elucidated frustrations during the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors aimed to assess the perceptions of faculty educators and residents regarding videoconferencing etiquette. Methods: In 2021, a survey assessing perceptions regarding the formality of various meeting types and the importance of various videoconferencing etiquette practices (Likert scale of 1-5) was created and disseminated to all faculty educators and residents at a single institution. Responses of faculty versus residents were analyzed in general and by procedural and mixed/nonprocedural subspecialties. Results: The faculty response rate was 53.5% (38/71). The resident response rate was 7.3% (115/1569). A total of 19 departments were represented. Faculty respondents reported having significantly more hours of weekly formal meetings than residents, 4 (3-10) versus 2 (1-4) h (P < 0.05), and no difference in informal meeting hours, with 3 (2-6) versus 3 (1.6-5) h (P = 0.210). Faculty and residents concurred on the formality of all meeting types except for didactics, which residents regarded more frequently as informal (80.9% versus 57.9%; P < 0.01). Faculty rated wearing professional attire and keeping one's video on as mattering more, and that videoconferencing from bed was more inappropriate (P < 0.05). Furthermore, faculty and residents in mixed/nonprocedural specialties had more significantly discordant perceptions between them than did those in procedural specialties. Conclusions: The data demonstrated that faculty educators and residents have differing perceptions regarding the formality of meeting types and etiquette practices. These should be addressed to prevent future frustrations and improve engagement in ongoing virtual conferencing education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-136
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Etiquette
  • Graduate medical education
  • Perceptions
  • Videoconferencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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