Metabolic chemical reports have fundamentally changed the way researchers study glycosylation. However, when administered as per-O-acetylated sugars, reporter molecules can participate in nonspecific chemical labeling of cysteine residues termed S-glycosylation. Without detailed proteomic analyses, these labeling events can be indistinguishable from bona fide enzymatic labeling convoluting experimental results. Here, we report a solution in the synthesis and characterization of two reporter molecules functionalized at the anomeric position with hexanoic acid: 1-Hex-GlcNAlk and 1-Hex-6AzGlcNAc. Both reporters exhibit robust labeling over background with negligible amounts of nonspecific chemical labeling in cell lysates. This strategy serves as a template for the design of future reporter molecules allowing for more reliable interpretation of results.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine