Adolescents' knowledge and beliefs about pregnancy: The impact of "ENABL"

Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold, Thomas Edward Smith, Dianne F. Harrison, David W. Springer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Finding effective ways to prevent adolescent pregnancy is a concern of public health officials, educators, social workers, parents, and legislators. Numerous programs exist, but there is debate as to whether it is the specific program itself or other factors that are responsible for participants' successful outcomes. Using a quasi-experimental design, this study sought to determine which factors predicted changes in knowledge and beliefs among middle school students (N = 1,450) after exposure to Postponing Sexual Involvement (PSI), the curricular component of Education Now and Babies Later (ENABL), a pregnancy prevention program. It was found that the single most important predictor of improvement in knowledge and beliefs about pregnancy prevention was PSI itself, not background variables. The findings contradict some of the previous studies on factors impacting teenage pregnancy and lend support for the continued examination of ENABL as a promising component of pregnancy prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-498
Number of pages14
Issue number139
StatePublished - Sep 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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