The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) has been the single best predictor of outcome of the progression of cirrhosis. Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) has been proposed as an alternative path in the natural history of cirrhosis. ACLF occurs in patients with chronic liver disease and is characterized by a precipitating event, resulting in acute deterioration in liver function, multiorgan system failure, and high short-term mortality. In this review, the natural course of patients with ACLF, especially as it relates to management of cirrhotic patients on the transplant waiting list, and its impact on liver transplantation outcomes are defined.
- Acute liver failure
- Acute-on-chronic liver failure
- Liver transplantation
- Organ failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas