Acute and Chronic Ischemic Disorders of the Small Bowel

Vivek S. Prakash, Michael Marin, Peter L. Faries

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: Ischemic disorders of the small bowel represent a rare but highly morbid disease process which is often difficult to diagnose and has a complex management course involving multidisciplinary care. Given recent advances in radiologic modalities and surgical/endovascular techniques, this review seeks to provide a disease overview as well as a summary of emerging management strategies. Recent Findings: In cases of acute mesenteric ischemia without evidence of frank bowel necrosis, an endovascular-first strategy employing thrombolysis, pharmacomechanical thrombectomy, and/or adjunctive angioplasty/stenting has been shown to have positive outcomes. In cases requiring open laparotomy, retrograde open mesenteric stenting may facilitate less dissection and more straightforward revascularization. While endovascular intervention for chronic mesenteric ischemia was historically limited by high rates of restenosis, use of covered stents in these vascular beds has been shown to have excellent patency rates. Summary: Ischemia of the small bowel can be acute or chronic in nature—endovascular treatment modalities have been shown to have excellent results given appropriate patient selection and should be an important tool in the armamentarium of management options for this complex disease process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number27
JournalCurrent gastroenterology reports
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute mesenteric ischemia
  • Angioplasty
  • Chronic mesenteric ischemia
  • Endovascular
  • Mesenteric bypass
  • Mesenteric ischemia
  • Open surgery
  • Pharmacomechanical thrombectomy
  • Thrombolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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