A two-factor model of aggression

Steven J. Kingsbury, Michael T. Lambert, William Hendrickse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


This article synthesizes theoretical material from psychology research into a practical model for conceptualizing violence in psychiatric settings. Relevant research and theory are reviewed, focusing on two important behavioral models of aggressive behavior, hostile aggression and instrumental aggression. The concepts of reinforcement, anticipated rewards, specific and nonspecific stimulus- driven aggression, intermediary emotional states in aroused persons, and the aggression stimulus threshold are developed into a bimodal model applicable to the clinical management of violence. The model provides a broad framework for categorizing, understanding, and addressing aggressive behavior in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-232
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatry (New York)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'A two-factor model of aggression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this