A new hypersensitive site, HS10, and the enhancers, E3′ and ED, differentially regulate IGκ gene expression

Xiaorong Zhou, Yougui Xiang, Xiaoling Ding, William T. Garrard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The mouse Igκ gene locus has three known transcriptional enhancers: an intronic enhancer (Ei), a 3′ enhancer (E3′), and a further downstream enhancer (Ed). We previously discovered, using the chromosome conformation-capture technique, that Ei and E3′ interact with a novel DNA sequence near the 3′ end of the Igκ locus, specifically in B cells. In the present investigation, we examined the function of this far downstream element. The sequence is evolutionarily conserved and exhibits a plasmacytoma cellspecific DNase I-hypersensitive site in chromatin, henceforth termed HS10 in the locus. HS10 acts as a coactivator of E3′ in transient transfection assays. Although HS10 -/- mice exhibited normal patterns of B cell development, they were tested further along with E3′ -/- and Ed -/- mice for their Igκ expression levels in plasma cells, as well as for both allelic and isotype exclusion in splenic B cells. HS10 -/- and Ed -/-, but not E3′ -/-, mice exhibited 2.5-fold lower levels of Igκ expression in antigenically challenged plasma cells. E3′ -/- mice, but not HS10′ -/- mice, exhibited impaired IgL isotype and allelic exclusion in splenic B cells. We have suggestive results that Ed may also weakly participate in these processes. In addition, HS10′ -/- mice no longer exhibited regional chromosome interactions with E3′, and they exhibited modestly reduced somatic hypermutation in the Jκ-Cκ intronic region in germinal center B cells from Peyer's patches.We conclude that the HS10, E3′, and Ed differentially regulate Igκ gene dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2722-2732
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 15 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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