Velopharyngeal incompetence: A guide for clinical evaluation

Donnell F. Johns, Rod J. Rohrich, Mariam Awada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Various causes of velopharyngeal disorders and the myriad of diagnostic methods used by speech-language pathologists and plastic surgeons for assessment are described in this article. Velopharyngeal incompetence occurs when the velum and lateral and posterior pharyngeal walls fail to separate the oral cavity from the nasal cavity during speech and deglutination. The functional goals of cleft palate operations are to facilitate normal speech and hearing without interfering with the facial growth of a child. Basic and helpful techniques are presented to help the cleft palate team identify preoperative or postoperative velopharyngeal incompetence. This information will enable any member of the multidisciplinary cleft palate team to better assist in the differential diagnosis and management of patients with speech disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1890-1898
Number of pages9
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number7
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Velopharyngeal incompetence: A guide for clinical evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this