Value of combined video EEG and polysomnography in clinical management of children with epilepsy and daytime or nocturnal spells

Sejal V. Jain, Thomas Dye, Puja Kedia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose: Sleep disorders are common in epilepsy. Additionally, events of staring, jerking, or nocturnal behaviors are common presentations in neurology or sleep practice. Moreover, sleepiness and nocturnal awakenings are common symptoms in children with epilepsy and differentiation form ongoing seizures and sleep disorders is needed. However, limited data exist for the best evaluation methods. This study evaluated the usefulness of combined video electroencephalography (EEG) and polysomnography (PSG) studies (vEEG/PSG). Methods: Polysomnography custom database was searched for combined vEEG/PSG studies, performed from July 2010 to April 2014, which identified 240 studies. From chart review, data were collected for presenting symptoms, sleep disorder and epilepsy/neurology diagnoses, and EEG and PSG results. Results: Most common indications for performing combined vEEG/PSG were correlating sleep events with seizure occurrence, evaluating sleepiness, nocturnal awakenings and nocturnal events. Sleep physician evaluation and/or PSG were abnormal in 94% of the studies. The EEG was abnormal in 53% and events or seizures were recorded in 40% of the studies. Hence, vEEG/PSG addressed the diagnostic questions. Additionally, as compared to children with epilepsy, a significantly larger number of children with spells/parasomnia had a normal sleep evaluation including a normal PSG (9 Vs 37%, p = 0.00003). Conclusions: This study demonstrates that combined video EEG and polysomnography is useful in addressing the common management questions in children with epilepsy and suspicious nocturnal events. Additionally, sleep disorders are more common in children with epilepsy than parasomnia. Hence sleep evaluation is important in children with epilepsy. Further prospective studies are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Combined EEG polysomnography study
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Polysomnography
  • Sleep disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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