Validation of scales measuring attitudes and norms related to mammography screening in women veterans

Jasmin A. Tiro, Pamela M. Diamond, Maria Fernandez, Carlo C. DiClemente, Catherine A. Perz, William Rakowski, Sally W. Vernon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Validation of psychosocial measures for use in mammography screening research has been given inadequate attention in the literature. The authors report on the validation of 5 measures examining 4 attitudinal constructs (i.e., pros, cons, outcome expectations, and cancer worries) and 1 social influence construct (i.e., subjective norms) in a 22-item inventory. The study participants consisted of a national, randomly sampled population of women veterans (n = 2,910). After minor revision of scales, the authors found independent measures for 4 constructs: pros, cons, cancer worries, and subjective norms. The authors concluded that these scales have acceptable psychometric properties; support construct validity; and provide brief, reliable, and valid measures of attitudes toward and norms regarding mammography screening. These scales may be useful for intervention research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-566
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • Attitudes
  • Construct validation
  • Mammography
  • Subjective norms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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