Validating upstream regulators of yorkie activity in hippo signaling through scalloped-based genetic epistasis

Jianzhong Yu, Duojia Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Genetic studies in Drosophila have been instrumental in characterizing the Hippo pathway, which converges on the coactivator Yorkie to regulate target gene transcription. A routinely used strategy to interrogate upstream regulators of Yorkie involves the examination of selected Hippo target genes upon loss or gain of function of a suspected pathway regulator. A caveat with this strategy is that aberrant expression of a given Hippo target per se does not distinguish whether it is caused by changes in Yorkie or Yorkie independent inputs converging on the same target gene. Building on previous findings that the DNA-binding transcription factor Scalloped mediates both Yorkie overexpression and loss-of-function phenotypes yet is itself dispensable for normal eye development, we describe a simple strategy to distinguish these possibilities by analyzing double-mutant clones of scalloped and a suspected Yorkie regulator. We provide proof of principle that this strategy can be used effectively to validate canonical Yorkie regulators and to exclude proteins that impact target expression independent of Yorkie. The described methodology and reagents should facilitate efforts to assess the expanding repertoire of proteins implicated in regulation of Yorkie activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberdev157545
JournalDevelopment (Cambridge)
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2018


  • Bantam
  • Expanded
  • Hippo signaling
  • Interommatidial cells
  • Sd
  • Yki

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology


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