Two-year follow-up of bibliotherapy and individual cognitive therapy for depressed older adults

Mark Floyd, Noelle Rohen, Jodie A M Shackelford, Karen L. Hubbard, Marsha B. Parnell, Forrest Scogin, Adriana Coates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


This study examined the stability of treatment gains after receiving either cognitive bibliotherapy or individual cognitive psychotherapy for depression in older adults. A 2-year follow-up of 23 participants from Floyd, Scogin, McKendree-Smith, Floyd, and Rokke (2004) was conducted by comparing pre- and posttreatment scores with follow-up scores on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Results indicated that treatment gains from baseline to the 2-year follow-up period were maintained on the HRSD and GDS, and there was not a significant decline from posttreatment to follow-up. There were no significant differences between the treatments on the GDS or HRSD at the 2-year follow-up; however, bibliotherapy participants had significantly more recurrences of depression during the follow-up period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-294
Number of pages14
JournalBehavior Modification
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2006


  • Cognitive therapy
  • Cognitive-behavior therapy
  • Depression
  • Older adults
  • Self-directed treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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