Two similar but nonallelic rat pancreatic trypsinogens. Nucleotide sequences of the cloned cDNAs.

R. J. MacDonald, S. J. Stary, G. H. Swift

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21 Scopus citations


We have cloned and identified mRNA sequences for two rat pancreatic trypsinogens. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the cloned sequences revealed two mRNAs that encode similar, though noallelic, pretrypsinogens. Trypsinogen I mRNA is 804 nucleotides in length, plus an estimated poly(A) tract of 100 nucleotides, and contains a short (13 nucleotide) 5' noncoding region and a 3' noncoding region of 54 nucleotides. It encodes a preproenzyme of 246 amino acids comprising a hydrophobic prepeptide (signal peptide) of 15 amino acids, an activation peptide characteristic of trypsinogens, and an active form of trypsin, 223 amino acids in length, that has 78% amino acid sequence identity with porcine trypsin. Trypsinogen II mRNA has a nucleotide sequence 88% homologous with that of trypsinogen I mRNA and encodes a protein with 89% amino acid sequence identity with trypsinogen I. The enzymes encoded by trypsinogen I and II mRNAs retain the key amino acid residues that determine the characteristic substrate cleavage preference of trypsins and, therefore, represent the rat counterparts of this digestive enzyme. Trypsinogen I mRNA is a major pancreatic mRNA comprising an estimated 2-5% of the total, whereas trypsinogen II mRNA is present at much lower levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9724-9732
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 25 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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