Tracheostomy in children

Emily F. Rudnick, Ron B. Mitchell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Key Points: Children needing a tracheostomy are more likely to be less than one year of age. Tracheostomy is indicated in children for one of three reasons: Prolonged ventilator dependence (usually due to lung disease of prematurity) Upper airway obstruction (including congenital, acquired, and craniofacial etiologies) Increased need for pulmonary toilet (underlying neurological disease) Management of a tracheostomy in a child requires an interdisciplinary team of medical professionals who can assist with postoperative care, education, and therapy for the child and his or her family. Tracheostomy-related deaths have decreased in incidence, but still occur in up to 4% of children most commonly due to mucous plugging or accidental decannulation. Long-term complications of tracheostomy include tracheostomal granulation and persistent tracheocutaneous fistula after decannulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician
PublisherHumana Press
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781588295422
StatePublished - 2009


  • tracheostomy
  • tracheotomy
  • ventilator dependence • neonatal tracheostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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