Thyroid and parathyroid disease in children

Shawn D. Safford, Michael A. Skinner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Although diseases of the thyroid and parathyroid glands are relatively uncommon in children, the implications of missed diagnoses can be severe. This review describes the embryology, anatomy, and physiology of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, and focuses on significant benign and malignant pathologies of these glands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2006


  • Goiter
  • Graves' disease
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Lingual thyroid
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia
  • Thyroid and parathyroid embryology
  • Thyroid carcinoma
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Thyroiditis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery


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