The rise of nontenured faculty in obstetrics and gynecology by sex and underrepresented in medicine status

Danielle Esters, Imam M. Xierali, Marc A. Nivet, William F. Rayburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE:To assess the changing landscape in nontenured faculty, stratified by sex and underrepresented in medicine status, for obstetrician-gynecologists at all U.S. medical schools.METHODS:In this retrospective observational study, we used data from the Association of American Medical Colleges Faculty Roster to identify trends in career pathways of full-time faculty at all U.S. MD-granting medical schools from 1978 to 2017. Proportions of nontenured faculty were compared with other clinical departments, according to sex and race-ethnicity. Two-sample t-testing and simple linear regression were used for statistical comparisons.RESULTS:The number of full-time obstetrics and gynecology faculty increased from 1,688 to 6,347, with most being nontenured (from 535 to 4,951; 9.3-fold increase) rather than tenured (from 457 to 587; 1.3-fold increase) or tenure-eligible (from 397 to 514; 1.3-fold increase). The proportions of all faculty who were nontenured increased from 29.6% to 72.5% (a 2.5-fold increase; P<.010) for men and from 43.4% to 81.4% (a 1.9-fold increase; P<.01) for women. The proportion who were nontenured increased similarly for faculty who were underrepresented in medicine (from 27.4% to 83.5%; a 3.0-fold increase; P<.01) and for those who were not underrepresented in medicine (from 32.0% to 77.1%; a 2.4-fold increase; P<.01). Trends in the increased proportions of nontenured obstetrics and gynecology faculty were similar with those in other major clinical departments.CONCLUSIONS:The substantial rise in the number of obstetrics and gynecology faculty was largely among those who were nontenured, regardless of sex or underrepresented in medicine status. This finding signals the essential need for examining career development and academic accomplishment for promoting nontenured faculty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34S-39S
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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