The moderation effect of personality on healthcare utilization in Chinese people living with HIV

Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Floortje Mols, Sunita M. Stewart, Jianxin Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


There is evidence that Type D personality can predict impaired quality of life and health status in various chronic conditions. The evidence is conflicting as to whether Type D is associated with increased healthcare services, and no study has reported on the healthcare utilization of people living with HIV (PLWH) who have a Type D personality. This study investigated the impact of Type D personality on healthcare utilization in a sample of Chinese PLWH and examined physical and emotional symptoms as possible mechanisms of healthcare utilization. This was a cross-sectional study of 199 PLWH in rural China. Participants completed a survey on physical symptoms, emotional symptoms, healthcare utilization, and Type D personality. Those PLWH with a Type D personality reported more physical and emotional symptoms and healthcare utilization than patients without this personality. Among PLWH who had a Type D personality, physical symptoms had a direct effect on healthcare utilization, and emotional symptoms did not significantly mediate this association. However, among PLWH without a Type D personality, emotional symptoms significantly mediated the effects of physical symptoms on healthcare utilization. PLWH with a Type D personality reported more healthcare utilization, which was attributed to their high physical symptoms rather than their emotional symptoms. These findings suggest that PLWH with a Type D personality might be bothered by intensified emotional symptoms, which might be too severe to be associated with physical symptoms and healthcare utilization. New prospective studies should focus on the pattern of healthcare utilization among patients with a Type D personality and their intensified physical and emotional symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)729-733
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 3 2017


  • HIV
  • Type D personality
  • emotional symptoms
  • healthcare utilization
  • physical symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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