The Meaning of “Doing Everything”

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Evaluating a high-risk patient for a high-risk operation is complicated. Discussing the benefits and burdens with your patient is only a part of the process. Should the decision be not to operate, explaining and planning the nonoperative path forward with all of its inherent challenges is crucial. Because the inevitable is likely to happen, the patient as well as their family must be prepared. If they are not, then the result may be exactly what the patient was hoping to avoid in the first place by declining the operation. Critical to this conversation is understanding the nuances of “doing everything” when dealing with a patient facing a life-limiting condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1482-1484
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • doing everything
  • shared decision-making
  • substituted judgment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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