The Effects of Gender on Radiation Dose during Fenestrated Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

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Background: Female gender is considered a risk factor for worse perioperative outcomes after fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR). We hypothesized that women would have more unfavorable anatomy, increasing case complexity and leading to higher radiation doses. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of gender on radiation dose during FEVARs. Methods: This single-center retrospective study was performed from 1/2015 to 2/2018. For patient data, linear model and stepwise variable selection algorithm were used. All dose measurements were log transformed before analysis. Significance level for parameter estimates and corresponding 95% confidence intervals were all transformed back using an exponential function. P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. All analyses were performed in SAS 9.4 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC). Results: A total of 169 FEVARs (45 women) were performed on a Philips Allura Xper FD 20 fluoroscopy system equipped with clarity technology. There was no difference in body mass index (BMI) or operative time between genders, P = 0.9. The median reference air kerma for women was significantly lower than that for men (1,672 mGy vs. 2,496 mGy), P < 0.001. Women had on average a 28% total dose reduction after controlling for BMI, number of vessels fenestrated, operative time, and type of device, P < 0.001. The median fluorography and fluoroscopy doses for women were significantly lower than those for men (973 mGy vs. 1,401 mGy and 659 mGy vs. 1,008 mGy), resulting in a 24% fluorography dose reduction and a 38% fluoroscopy dose reduction for women, P < 0.001. Conclusions: FEVARs can be performed successfully in women with comparatively lower radiation doses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-309
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
StatePublished - Oct 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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