The branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKD) kinase (abbreviated as BCK) down-regulates activity of the mammalian mitochondrial BCKD complex by reversible phosphorylation of the decarboxylase (E1b) component of the complex. The binding of BCK to the holotransacylase (E2b) core of the BCKD complex results in the stimulation of BCK activity. Here we show that the lipoylated lipoic acid-bearing domain (lip-LBD) (residues 1-84) of E2b alone does not interact with BCK. However, lip-LBD constructs containing various lengths of the C-terminal hinge region of LBD are able to bind to BCK as measured by a newly developed solubility-based binding assay. Isothermal titration calorimetry measurements produced a dissociation constant of 8.06 x 10-6 M and binding enthalpy of -3.68 kcal/mol for the interaction of BCK with a construct containing lip-LBD and the Glu-Glu-Asp-Xaa-Xaa-Glu sequence of the C-terminal hinge region of LBD. These thermodynamic parameters are similar to those obtained for binding of BCK to a lipoylated di-domain construct, which harbors LBD, the entire hinge region, and the downstream subunit-binding domain of E2b. Our data establish that the C-terminal hinge region of LBD containing the above negatively charged residues is essential for the interaction between the lip-LBD construct and BCK.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 4 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology