Testican-2 Is Associated with Reduced Risk of Incident ESKD

CKD Biomarkers Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Testican-2 was recently identified as a podocyte-derived protein that is released into circulation by the kidneys and is positively correlated with eGFR and eGFR slope. However, whether higher testican-2 levels are associated with lower risk of ESKD is unknown. METHODS: Aptamer-based proteomics assessed blood testican-2 levels among participants in the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK, n =703), the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) study ( n =3196), and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study ( n =4378). We compared baseline characteristics by testican-2 tertile and used Cox proportional hazards models to study the association of testican-2 with incident ESKD. RESULTS: Higher testican-2 levels were associated with higher measured GFR (mGFR) in AASK, higher eGFR in the CRIC and ARIC studies, and lower albuminuria in all cohorts. Baseline testican-2 levels were significantly associated with incident ESKD in Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for age, sex, and race (model 1) and model 1+mGFR or eGFR+comorbidities (model 2). In model 3 (model 2+proteinuria), the associations between testican-2 (per SD increase) and incident ESKD were AASK (hazard ratio [HR]=0.84 [0.72 to 0.98], P =0.023), CRIC (HR=0.95 [0.89 to 1.02], P =0.14), ARIC (HR=0.54 [0.36 to 0.83], P =0.0044), and meta-analysis (HR=0.92 [0.86 to 0.98], P =0.0073). CONCLUSIONS: Across three cohorts spanning >8000 individuals, testican-2 is associated with kidney health and prognosis, with higher levels associated with reduced risk of ESKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-131
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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